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Document: “An Evaluation of Entomological Warfare As A Potential Danger to the United States and European NATO Nations” US Entomological Warfare Ops


We are pleased to present – unfortunately – a very partial 10-page .pdf version of the US Military’s notorious (and heavily-contaminated Utah facility) Dugway Proving Ground‘s 1981 review of the history of the sordid US entomological warfare program.

This document was originally released (so far as we could tell) by Turner Broadcasting Company’s “The Smoking Gun” website years ago.  They did not publish the entire document, nor did they describe their own source for the tiny portion of it that they published. Though it’s only 10 pages out of what was at least a 60-page document it has a wealth of intriguing information about the US entomological weapons program: the use of specially-prepared “insect bombs” that would be used – and some assert were used – by the United States military to attack foreign civilian and/or military populations.

As you can see from the title, the US Government attempted to pretend that what was contained in this document only described “defensive” studies to “protect” US and “European” NATO nation-states from such attacks; in fact the document describes several very advanced US tests of entomological weapons systems – many of which were first feasibility-tested on what were apparently US civilian targets in Avon Park, Florida and Savannah, Georgia in the mid-to-late 1970s.

It would appear from this heavily-censored document that mosquitoes capable of carrying Yellow Fever were dropped on Avon Park, Florida to see how many mosquitoes per square kilometer it would take to effectively spread that disease among a target population.  Cost analyses were also produced for a similar attack on Washington, D.C.. The US military planners proposed to release the mosquitoes from a helicopter or truck several hundred meters upwind of the intended target; if a truck was used the labor cost was calculated for “truck rental and wages of two semi-skilled people for eight hours”.

Another entomological weapon of a similar type was considered by the US military planners to spread Tularemia by releasing mosquitoes infected with that lethal disease.

The documents describe entomological warfare trials the US military carried out against US civilian targets in the 1950s at Utah’s Dugway Proving Ground and in two sites in Georgia including Savannah. In “Operation Big Itch” the ability of two species of fleas to survive air-dropping from helicopters and subsequent successful acquisition of “blood meals” from humans was successfully tested; in “Operation Big Buzz” a million A. aegypti mosquitoes (notorious for carrying Yellow Fever) survived their airdrop on Georgia and successfully acquired “blood meals from humans and guinea pigs”; in “Operation Drop Kick” no details were released;  “Operation May Day” “consisted of studies of A. aegypti activity and dispersion in an urban area (Savannah, Georgia) from April to November 1956″.  We can only assume from the long and sordid history of racist US biological agent testing on African-Americans – like the infamous Tuskeegee Syphilis experiment – that the targeted population was most likely the black communities in that southern city.

We have searched across the Internet for a full version of this document to no avail.  If you have access to a complete copy of this report – or even just a more complete copy of it – please send it to us so we may publish it in a fuller version.

— FoWL-Chicago


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